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What Kind Of Wood Is Ideal For Fencing, And Why?

Wooden fences have traditionally been an integral part of any well-designed family home. You can choose from different kinds of wood based on how you want it to look and what it needs to do. The wooden fence serves multiple purposes, including reducing noise, providing privacy, and providing security. Wood fences can also be made in many different ways. The picket fence, the post and rail fence, the wood lattice fence, the louver fence, and the vertical board fence are the most common types.

Regardless of the reason you want to install wooden fencing, the first step is to choose the appropriate type of wood. Which type of wood would be most suitable for the job at hand?

How can I choose the right wood for fencing?

It is important to gain an understanding of the various factors that can play a role in the selection process before delving into the specifics of the most common types of wood used for fencing.

Weather Conditions

Before selecting a type of wood that is resilient enough to withstand the conditions, it is important to think about the following aspects of the weather:

  • How often do you get wet or dry weather where you live?
  • Do you experience temperatures below freezing or temperatures that are higher than 100 degrees?
  • Is the weather consistent in your area, or does it vary widely?
  • Decay can be avoided by using the appropriate type of wood for the environment in your area. Your fence's lifespan will be greatly increased as a result.

Wood Species and Insect Vulnerability

Many species of wood are vulnerable to termite damage. It is important that you are familiar with the various types of wood that are susceptible to being infested by insects. You should stay away from any wood that hasn't been treated under pressure or has no inherent repellent qualities.


These days, practically everyone operates within some kind of set financial limit. And the type of wood that you can afford for your fence will depend on your financial situation. Choosing the strongest and longest-lasting option could be out of the question if you are on a tight budget.

On the other hand, you should be aware that if you go with a more durable wooden fence, you can end up saving money in the long run. If you plan on staying in your home for a longer period of time, it is recommended that you increase your budget so that you can select woods that are more durable. If you are going to be moving out in the near future, you might want to select a wood that is more affordable but won't last as long.

To help you choose a suitable material for your fence, we've outlined below several types of wood that are both strong and attractive.


Cedar is naturally resistant to decay and has oil extracts that keep insects at bay. It's a good option to consider if you're trying to save money. Here are a few of the most notable characteristics:

  • Staining or painting cedar keeps it from graying and extends its lifespan.
  • When wood is stained, its natural grain and color are hidden.
  • The application of sealant can provide protection against moisture and ultraviolet rays.


One of the types of wood that is utilized most frequently for the construction of wooden fencing is redwood. Although it is pricey, the level of quality, durability, and aesthetic appeal it possesses more than makes up for the cost. There is no need to treat it for rot or insects because it is naturally resistant to both. This means that it is the go-to material for fences. Staining your fence is still highly recommended as a means to both preserve its aesthetic value and prolong its useful life. Your fence may still sustain damage if it is subjected to the following elements on a consistent basis:

Wet Freezing Melting Dry Weather

Allow your fence to weather for some time before applying the stain to ensure that the oils have a chance to dry out.

Doughlas Fir

The characteristic color of Douglas fir is a pale brown with a hint of red or yellow, or both. It is renowned for having straight, even grains with sporadic knots. The following are some of the most important characteristics:

  • Sealing helps prevent graying.
  • Applying a stain, sealer, and paint can help accomplish various aesthetic goals.
  • The durability and steadiness of your fence will be unparalleled.
  • It is resistant to rot and decay to some extent.


Cypress trees are protected from pests by a chemical compound that occurs naturally on their bark and is known as cypretine. It's also a good choice for outdoor fencing because it won't rot. It's more pricey than the average wooden fence. The lifespan of your fence can be increased with the help of staining, just like it can be with other options. It is highly recommended to apply a sealant as the final step in the staining process in order to enhance the protective quality.

Pressure-treated wood

Wood that has been treated with pressure is another fantastic material for use in fencing made of wood. Depending on the species and grade, it can have a color anywhere from yellow to a light green color. You also have the option of selecting color-treated wood, which can be designed to give the appearance of cedar or redwood. It is also possible to paint, stain, and seal these fences in order to achieve a variety of different looks.

The following are some of the most notable aspects of this:

  • Wood that has been treated with pressure is long-lasting.
  • It has already been treated to keep rot, termites, and decay away.
  • After installation, there is a possibility that the wood will exhibit some minor signs of movement or shrinkage.
  • If you go with this kind of wood for your fence instead of redwood or western red cedar, you should anticipate a level of stability that is a little bit lower. It is a type of wood that is less expensive to use for fencing.

Pine is another option that won't break the bank. It has a reputation for lasting for a long time. The pliable shape makes it convenient to handle. In addition, unlike with other woods, shrinkage is not an issue.

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